ABOUT CONGENITAL HEART DISEASE

Congenital Heart Disease is the most common type of birth defect and is the leading cause of infant deaths in the world. It also accounts for more than half of all deaths from a birth defect.

Congenital Heart Disease is a fault in the structure of the heart or vessels, which a child is born with, and it becomes difficult to breathe. This kind of disease can affect the walls of the heart, valves, and blood vessels. There are many types of Congenital Heart Disease, which range from a simple condition that never show symptoms to a serious condition that causes a serious and life-threatening problem.

There are different types of Congenital Heart Disease, which include the heart valve defect in which the blood directing valves inside the heart are blocked or leak and negatively affect the heart’s ability to pump blood. Another type is blood vessels defects which happen when arteries and vessels that transport blood from and to the heart are not functioning properly, and lastly there are heart wall defects which are caused by undeveloped walls inside the heart, leading to a build-up of blood resulting in high blood pressure.Congenital Heart Disease is the most common type of birth defect and is the leading cause of infant deaths in the world. It also accounts for more than half of all deaths from a birth defect.

CAUSES AND SYMPTONS

Researchers believe that this disease may be caused by the following:

  • Hereditary factors;
  • Use of prescribed drugs;
  • Alcohol or illegal substances during pregnancy;
  • Viral infection during pregnancy;
  • Sugar diabetic patient.
Signs of congenital heart defect in newborns include:
  • Bluish lips, skin, fingers, and toes;
  • Chest pain, breathlessness or trouble breathing;
  • Feeding difficulties;
  • Low birth weight and delayed growth.
Sometimes the symptoms may delay and show when a child is about a year or older. These delayed symptoms are abnormal heart rhythms, dizziness, struggle to breathe, fainting, swelling and fatigue.